Dramatic growth in the population requires a parallel increase in the total installed capacity of electricity. Diversity, independency of resources and global warming call for installing renewable and nuclear energy plants. Several types of energy plants exist in Turkey; however, nuclear energy with its several attractive features is not utilized at all. This study presents the available energy resources in Turkey and reviews major challenges and opportunities in nuclear energy. At the end of this paper, some conclusions are stated.
Diatoms are an important group of aquatic ecosystems
and diatom-based indices are increasingly becoming important tools
for the assessment of ecological conditions in lotic systems. Although
the studies are very limited about Turkish rivers, diatom indices were
used for monitoring rivers in different basins. In the present study, we
used OMNIDIA program for estimation of stream quality. Some
indices have less sensitive (IDP, WAT, LOBO, GENRE, TID, CEE,
PT), intermediate sensitivities (IDSE, DESCY, IPS, DI-CH, SLA,
IDAP), the others higher sensitivities (SID, IBD, SHE, EPI-D).
Among the investigated diatom communities, only a few taxa
indicated alfa-mesosaprobity and polysaprobity. Most of the sites
were characterized by a great relative contribution of eutraphent and
tolerant ones as well as oligosaprobic and betamesosaprobic diatoms.
In general, SID and IBD indices gave the best results. This study
suggests that the structure of benthic diatom communities and diatom
indices, especially SID, can be applied for monitoring rivers in
Rapid population growth in urban areas and extinction danger of natural resources in order to meet the food needs of these population, has revealed the need for sustainability. It did not last long that city planners realized the importance of an equal access to natural resources with protecting and managing them in cities, in accordance with the concept of sustainable development. Like in other countries The Turkish Government is aware of the importance of the sustainable development in their cities. The government issued new laws for protection of environmental assets and so that the preservation of natural ecology. The main objective of this article is to emphasis the importance of the sustainable development in the context of the developing world by giving special information about the method of the Turkish Government for protecting nature with approval of difference laws in this area.
This paper describes Clinical Document Architecture Release Two (CDA R2) standard and a client application for messaging with SAĞLIK-NET project developed by The Ministry of Health of Turkey. CDA R2 , developed by Health Level 7 (HL7) organization and approved by American National Standards Institute (ANSI) in 2004, to standardize medical information to be able to share semantically and syntactically. In this study, a client application compatible with HL7 V3 for a project named SAĞLIKNET, aimed to build a National Health Information System by Turkey. Moreover, CDA conformance of this application will also be evaluated.