Commenced in January 1999 | Frequency: Monthly | Edition: International | Paper Count: 35 |

35

10007745

Geo-Spatial Methods to Better Understand Urban Food Deserts

Food deserts are a reality in some cities. These deserts can be described as a shortage of healthy food options within close proximity of consumers. The shortage in this case is typically facilitated by a lack of stores in an urban area that provide adequate fruit and vegetable choices. This study explores new avenues to better understand food deserts by examining modes of transportation that are available to shoppers or consumers, e.g. walking, automobile, or public transit. Further, this study is unique in that it not only explores the location of large grocery stores, but small grocery and convenience stores too. In this study, the relationship between some socio-economic indicators, such as personal income, are also explored to determine any possible association with food deserts. In addition, to help facilitate our understanding of food deserts, complex network spatial models that are built on adequate algorithms are used to investigate the possibility of food deserts in the city of Hamilton, Canada. It is found that Hamilton, Canada is adequate serviced by retailers who provide healthy food choices and that the food desert phenomena is almost absent.

34

10008144

A Study of Hamilton-Jacobi-Bellman Equation Systems Arising in Differential Game Models of Changing Society

This paper is concerned with a system of
Hamilton-Jacobi-Bellman equations coupled with an autonomous
dynamical system. The mathematical system arises in the differential
game formulation of political economy models as an infinite-horizon
continuous-time differential game with discounted instantaneous
payoff rates and continuously and discretely varying state variables.
The existence of a weak solution of the PDE system is proven and
a computational scheme of approximate solution is developed for a
class of such systems. A model of democratization is mathematically
analyzed as an illustration of application.

33

10005567

A Lagrangian Hamiltonian Computational Method for Hyper-Elastic Structural Dynamics

Performance of a Hamiltonian based particle method in simulation of nonlinear structural dynamics is subjected to investigation in terms of stability and accuracy. The governing equation of motion is derived based on Hamilton's principle of least action, while the deformation gradient is obtained according to Weighted Least Square method. The hyper-elasticity models of Saint Venant-Kirchhoff and a compressible version similar to Mooney- Rivlin are engaged for the calculation of second Piola-Kirchhoff stress tensor, respectively. Stability along with accuracy of numerical model is verified by reproducing critical stress fields in static and dynamic responses. As the results, although performance of Hamiltonian based model is evaluated as being acceptable in dealing with intense extensional stress fields, however kinds of instabilities reveal in the case of violent collision which can be most likely attributed to zero energy singular modes.

32

10004599

Lyapunov Type Inequalities for Fractional Impulsive Hamiltonian Systems

This paper deals with study about fractional
order impulsive Hamiltonian systems and fractional impulsive
Sturm-Liouville type problems derived from these systems. The
main purpose of this paper devotes to obtain so called Lyapunov
type inequalities for mentioned problems. Also, in view point on
applicability of obtained inequalities, some qualitative properties such
as stability, disconjugacy, nonexistence and oscillatory behaviour of
fractional Hamiltonian systems and fractional Sturm-Liouville type
problems under impulsive conditions will be derived. At the end,
we want to point out that for studying fractional order Hamiltonian
systems, we will apply recently introduced fractional Conformable
operators.

31

10004380

Hamiltonian Related Properties with and without Faults of the Dual-Cube Interconnection Network and Their Variations

In this paper, a thorough review about dual-cubes, DCn,
the related studies and their variations are given. DCn was introduced
to be a network which retains the pleasing properties of hypercube Qn
but has a much smaller diameter. In fact, it is so constructed that the
number of vertices of DCn is equal to the number of vertices of Q2n
+1. However, each vertex in DCn is adjacent to n + 1 neighbors and
so DCn has (n + 1) × 2^2n edges in total, which is roughly half the
number of edges of Q2n+1. In addition, the diameter of any DCn is 2n
+2, which is of the same order of that of Q2n+1. For selfcompleteness,
basic definitions, construction rules and symbols are
provided. We chronicle the results, where eleven significant theorems
are presented, and include some open problems at the end.

30

10000360

A Further Study on the 4-Ordered Property of Some Chordal Ring Networks

Given a graph G. A cycle of G is a sequence of vertices of G such that the first and the last vertices are the same. A hamiltonian cycle of G is a cycle containing all vertices of G. The graph G is k-ordered (resp. k-ordered hamiltonian) if for any sequence of k distinct vertices of G, there exists a cycle (resp. hamiltonian cycle) in G containing these k vertices in the specified order. Obviously, any cycle in a graph is 1-ordered, 2-ordered and 3- ordered. Thus the study of any graph being k-ordered (resp. k-ordered hamiltonian) always starts with k = 4. Most studies about this topic work on graphs with no real applications. To our knowledge, the chordal ring families were the first one utilized as the underlying topology in interconnection networks and shown to be 4-ordered. Furthermore, based on our computer experimental results, it was conjectured that some of them are 4-ordered hamiltonian. In this paper, we intend to give some possible directions in proving the conjecture.

29

9997757

Isospectral Hulthén Potential

Supersymmetric Quantum Mechanics is an interesting framework to analyze nonrelativistic quantal problems. Using these techniques, we construct a family of strictly isospectral Hulth´en potentials. Isospectral wave functions are generated and plotted for different values of the deformation parameter.

28

2862

The Frequency Graph for the Traveling Salesman Problem

Traveling salesman problem (TSP) is hard to resolve
when the number of cities and routes become large. The frequency
graph is constructed to tackle the problem. A frequency graph
maintains the topological relationships of the original weighted graph.
The numbers on the edges are the frequencies of the edges emulated
from the local optimal Hamiltonian paths. The simplest kind of local
optimal Hamiltonian paths are computed based on the four vertices
and three lines inequality. The search algorithm is given to find the
optimal Hamiltonian circuit based on the frequency graph. The
experiments show that the method can find the optimal Hamiltonian
circuit within several trials.

27

14050

Mutually Independent Hamiltonian Cycles of Cn x Cn

In a graph G, a cycle is Hamiltonian cycle if it contain all vertices of G. Two Hamiltonian cycles C_1 = ⟨u_0, u_1, u_2, ..., u_{n−1}, u_0⟩ and C_2 = ⟨v_0, v_1, v_2, ..., v_{n−1}, v_0⟩ in G are independent if u_0 = v_0, u_i = ̸ v_i for all 1 ≤ i ≤ n−1. In G, a set of Hamiltonian cycles C = {C_1, C_2, ..., C_k} is mutually independent if any two Hamiltonian cycles of C are independent. The mutually independent Hamiltonicity IHC(G), = k means there exist a maximum integer k such that there exists k-mutually independent Hamiltonian cycles start from any vertex of G. In this paper, we prove that IHC(C_n × C_n) = 4, for n ≥ 3.

26

508

The Balanced Hamiltonian Cycle on the Toroidal Mesh Graphs

The balanced Hamiltonian cycle problemis a quiet new topic of graph theorem. Given a graph G = (V, E), whose edge set can be partitioned into k dimensions, for positive integer k and a Hamiltonian cycle C on G. The set of all i-dimensional edge of C, which is a subset by E(C), is denoted as Ei(C).

25

791

An Improved Construction Method for MIHCs on Cycle Composition Networks

Many well-known interconnection networks, such as kary n-cubes, recursive circulant graphs, generalized recursive circulant graphs, circulant graphs and so on, are shown to belong to the family of cycle composition networks. Recently, various studies about mutually independent hamiltonian cycles, abbreviated as MIHC-s, on interconnection networks are published. In this paper, using an improved construction method, we obtain MIHC-s on cycle composition networks with a much weaker condition than the known result. In fact, we established the existence of MIHC-s in the cycle composition networks and the result is optimal in the sense that the number of MIHC-s we constructed is maximal.

24

630

Exterior Calculus: Economic Profit Dynamics

A mathematical model for the Dynamics of Economic
Profit is constructed by proposing a characteristic differential oneform
for this dynamics (analogous to the action in Hamiltonian
dynamics). After processing this form with exterior calculus, a pair of
characteristic differential equations is generated and solved for the
rate of change of profit P as a function of revenue R (t) and cost C (t).
By contracting the characteristic differential one-form with a vortex
vector, the Lagrangian is obtained for the Dynamics of Economic
Profit.

23

9087

Torque Ripple Minimization in Switched Reluctance Motor Using Passivity-Based Robust Adaptive Control

In this paper by using the port-controlled Hamiltonian
(PCH) systems theory, a full-order nonlinear controlled model is first
developed. Then a nonlinear passivity-based robust adaptive control
(PBRAC) of switched reluctance motor in the presence of external
disturbances for the purpose of torque ripple reduction and
characteristic improvement is presented. The proposed controller
design is separated into the inner loop and the outer loop controller.
In the inner loop, passivity-based control is employed by using
energy shaping techniques to produce the proper switching function.
The outer loop control is employed by robust adaptive controller to
determine the appropriate Torque command. It can also overcome the
inherent nonlinear characteristics of the system and make the whole
system robust to uncertainties and bounded disturbances. A 4KW 8/6
SRM with experimental characteristics that takes magnetic saturation
into account is modeled, simulation results show that the proposed
scheme has good performance and practical application prospects.

22

14467

A New Approach to the Approximate Solutions of Hamilton-Jacobi Equations

We propose a new approach on how to obtain the approximate solutions of Hamilton-Jacobi (HJ) equations. The process of the approximation consists of two steps. The first step is to transform the HJ equations into the virtual time based HJ equations (VT-HJ) by introducing a new idea of ‘virtual-time’. The second step is to construct the approximate solutions of the HJ equations through a computationally iterative procedure based on the VT-HJ equations. It should be noted that the approximate feedback solutions evolve by themselves as the virtual-time goes by. Finally, we demonstrate the effectiveness of our approximation approach by means of simulations with linear and nonlinear control problems.

21

3779

Exterior Calculus: Economic Growth Dynamics

Mathematical models of dynamics employing exterior calculus are mathematical representations of the same unifying principle; namely, the description of a dynamic system with a characteristic differential one-form on an odd-dimensional differentiable manifold leads, by analysis with exterior calculus, to a set of differential equations and a characteristic tangent vector (vortex vector) which define transformations of the system. Using this principle, a mathematical model for economic growth is constructed by proposing a characteristic differential one-form for economic growth dynamics (analogous to the action in Hamiltonian dynamics), then generating a pair of characteristic differential equations and solving these equations for the rate of economic growth as a function of labor and capital. By contracting the characteristic differential one-form with the vortex vector, the Lagrangian for economic growth dynamics is obtained.

20

1975

Free Vibration Analysis of Functionally Graded Beams

This work presents the highly accurate numerical calculation
of the natural frequencies for functionally graded beams with
simply supported boundary conditions. The Timoshenko first order
shear deformation beam theory and the higher order shear deformation
beam theory of Reddy have been applied to the functionally
graded beams analysis. The material property gradient is assumed
to be in the thickness direction. The Hamilton-s principle is utilized
to obtain the dynamic equations of functionally graded beams. The
influences of the volume fraction index and thickness-to-length ratio
on the fundamental frequencies are discussed. Comparison of the
numerical results for the homogeneous beam with Euler-Bernoulli
beam theory results show that the derived model is satisfactory.

19

10384

Vibration of Functionally Graded Cylindrical Shells under Effects Clamped-Clamped Boundary Conditions

Study of the vibration cylindrical shells made of
a functionally gradient material (FGM) composed of stainless
steel and nickel is important. Material properties are graded in
the thickness direction of the shell according to volume
fraction power law distribution. The objective is to study the
natural frequencies, the influence of constituent volume
fractions and the effects of boundary conditions on the natural
frequencies of the FG cylindrical shell. The study is carried
out using third order shear deformation shell theory. The
governing equations of motion of FG cylindrical shells are
derived based on shear deformation theory. Results are
presented on the frequency characteristics, influence of
constituent volume fractions and the effects of clampedclamped
boundary conditions.

18

1713

Pseudo-almost Periodic Solutions of a Class Delayed Chaotic Neural Networks

This paper is concerned with the existence and unique¬ness of pseudo-almost periodic solutions to the chaotic delayed neural networks (t)= —Dx(t) ± A f (x (t)) B f (x (t — r)) C f (x(p))dp J (t) . t-o Under some suitable assumptions on A, B, C, D, J and f, the existence and uniqueness of a pseudo-almost periodic solution to equation above is obtained. The results of this paper are new and they complement previously known results.

17

14139

The Spanning Laceability of k-ary n-cubes when k is Even

Qk
n has been shown as an alternative to the hypercube
family. For any even integer k ≥ 4 and any integer n ≥ 2, Qk
n is
a bipartite graph. In this paper, we will prove that given any pair of
vertices, w and b, from different partite sets of Qk
n, there exist 2n
internally disjoint paths between w and b, denoted by {Pi | 0 ≤ i ≤ 2n-1}, such that 2n-1
i=0 Pi covers all vertices of Qk
n. The result is
optimal since each vertex of Qk
n has exactly 2n neighbors.

16

14025

Vibration of Functionally Graded Cylindrical Shells under Effects Free-free and Clamed-clamped Boundary Conditions

In the present work, study of the vibration of thin cylindrical shells made of a functionally gradient material (FGM) composed of stainless steel and nickel is presented. Material properties are graded in the thickness direction of the shell according to volume fraction power law distribution. The objective is to study the natural frequencies, the influence of constituent volume fractions and the effects of boundary conditions on the natural frequencies of the FG cylindrical shell. The study is carried out using third order shear deformation shell theory. The analysis is carried out using Hamilton's principle. The governing equations of motion of FG cylindrical shells are derived based on shear deformation theory. Results are presented on the frequency characteristics, influence of constituent volume fractions and the effects of free-free and clamped-clamped boundary conditions.

15

8084

Vibration of FGM Cylindrical Shells under Effect Clamped-simply Support Boundary Conditions using Hamilton's Principle

In this paper a study on the vibration of thin
cylindrical shells with ring supports and made of functionally graded
materials (FGMs) composed of stainless steel and nickel is presented.
Material properties vary along the thickness direction of the shell
according to volume fraction power law. The cylindrical shells have
ring supports which are arbitrarily placed along the shell and impose
zero lateral deflections. The study is carried out based on third order
shear deformation shell theory (T.S.D.T). The analysis is carried out
using Hamilton-s principle. The governing equations of motion of
FGM cylindrical shells are derived based on shear deformation
theory. Results are presented on the frequency characteristics,
influence of ring support position and the influence of boundary
conditions. The present analysis is validated by comparing results
with those available in the literature.

14

5392

An Optimal Control Problem for Rigid Body Motions on Lie Group SO(2, 1)

In this paper smooth trajectories are computed in the Lie group SO(2, 1) as a motion planning problem by assigning a Frenet frame to the rigid body system to optimize the cost function of the elastic energy which is spent to track a timelike curve in Minkowski space. A method is proposed to solve a motion planning problem that minimize the integral of the square norm of Darboux vector of a timelike curve. This method uses the coordinate free Maximum Principle of Optimal control and results in the theory of integrable Hamiltonian systems. The presence of several conversed quantities inherent in these Hamiltonian systems aids in the explicit computation of the rigid body motions.

13

7660

Clamped-clamped Boundary Conditions for Analysis Free Vibration of Functionally Graded Cylindrical Shell with a Ring based on Third Order Shear Deformation Theory

In this paper a study on the vibration of thin
cylindrical shells with ring supports and made of functionally graded
materials (FGMs) composed of stainless steel and nickel is presented.
Material properties vary along the thickness direction of the shell
according to volume fraction power law. The cylindrical shells have
ring supports which are arbitrarily placed along the shell and impose
zero lateral deflections. The study is carried out based on third order
shear deformation shell theory (T.S.D.T). The analysis is carried out
using Hamilton-s principle. The governing equations of motion of
FGM cylindrical shells are derived based on shear deformation
theory. Results are presented on the frequency characteristics,
influence of ring support position and the influence of boundary
conditions. The present analysis is validated by comparing results
with those available in the literature.

12

3504

A Systematic Approach for Finding Hamiltonian Cycles with a Prescribed Edge in Crossed Cubes

The crossed cube is one of the most notable variations of hypercube, but some properties of the former are superior to those of the latter. For example, the diameter of the crossed cube is almost the half of that of the hypercube. In this paper, we focus on the problem embedding a Hamiltonian cycle through an arbitrary given edge in the crossed cube. We give necessary and sufficient condition for determining whether a given permutation with n elements over Zn generates a Hamiltonian cycle pattern of the crossed cube. Moreover, we obtain a lower bound for the number of different Hamiltonian cycles passing through a given edge in an n-dimensional crossed cube. Our work extends some recently obtained results.

11

12800

Planning Rigid Body Motions and Optimal Control Problem on Lie Group SO(2, 1)

In this paper smooth trajectories are computed in the Lie group SO(2, 1) as a motion planning problem by assigning a Frenet frame to the rigid body system to optimize the cost function of the elastic energy which is spent to track a timelike curve in Minkowski space. A method is proposed to solve a motion planning problem that minimizes the integral of the Lorentz inner product of Darboux vector of a timelike curve. This method uses the coordinate free Maximum Principle of Optimal control and results in the theory of integrable Hamiltonian systems. The presence of several conversed quantities inherent in these Hamiltonian systems aids in the explicit computation of the rigid body motions.

10

10125

Vibration of Functionally Graded Cylindrical Shells Under Effect Clamped-Free Boundary Conditions Using Hamilton's Principle

In the present work, study of the vibration of thin cylindrical shells made of a functionally gradient material (FGM) composed of stainless steel and nickel is presented. Material properties are graded in the thickness direction of the shell according to volume fraction power law distribution. The objective is to study the natural frequencies, the influence of constituent volume fractions and the effects of boundary conditions on the natural frequencies of the FG cylindrical shell. The study is carried out using third order shear deformation shell theory. The analysis is carried out using Hamilton's principle. The governing equations of motion of FG cylindrical shells are derived based on shear deformation theory. Results are presented on the frequency characteristics, influence of constituent volume fractions and the effects of clamped-free boundary conditions

9

15916

Effects Edge end Free-free Boundary Conditions for Analysis Free Vibration of Functionally Graded Cylindrical Shell with Ring based on Third Order Shear Deformation Theory using Hamilton's Principle

In this paper a study on the vibration of thin
cylindrical shells with ring supports and made of functionally
graded materials (FGMs) composed of stainless steel and
nickel is presented. Material properties vary along the
thickness direction of the shell according to volume fraction
power law. The cylindrical shells have ring supports which are
arbitrarily placed along the shell and impose zero lateral
deflections. The study is carried out based on third order shear
deformation shell theory (T.S.D.T). The analysis is carried out
using Hamilton-s principle. The governing equations of motion of
FGM cylindrical shells are derived based on shear deformation
theory. Results are presented on the frequency characteristics,
influence of ring support position and the influence of boundary
conditions. The present analysis is validated by comparing results
with those available in the literature.

8

2528

The Panpositionable Hamiltonicity of k-ary n-cubes

The hypercube Qn is one of the most well-known
and popular interconnection networks and the k-ary n-cube Qk
n is
an enlarged family from Qn that keeps many pleasing properties
from hypercubes. In this article, we study the panpositionable
hamiltonicity of Qk
n for k ≥ 3 and n ≥ 2. Let x, y of V (Qk
n)
be two arbitrary vertices and C be a hamiltonian cycle of Qk
n.
We use dC(x, y) to denote the distance between x and y on the
hamiltonian cycle C. Define l as an integer satisfying d(x, y) ≤ l ≤ 1
2 |V (Qk
n)|. We prove the followings:
• When k = 3 and n ≥ 2, there exists a hamiltonian cycle C
of Qk
n such that dC(x, y) = l.
• When k ≥ 5 is odd and n ≥ 2, we request that l /∈ S
where S is a set of specific integers. Then there exists a
hamiltonian cycle C of Qk
n such that dC(x, y) = l.
• When k ≥ 4 is even and n ≥ 2, we request l-d(x, y) to be
even. Then there exists a hamiltonian cycle C of Qk
n such
that dC(x, y) = l.
The result is optimal since the restrictions on l is due to the
structure of Qk
n by definition.

7

8232

Hamiltonian Factors in Hamiltonian Graphs

Let G be a Hamiltonian graph. A factor F of G is called
a Hamiltonian factor if F contains a Hamiltonian cycle. In this paper,
two sufficient conditions are given, which are two neighborhood
conditions for a Hamiltonian graph G to have a Hamiltonian factor.

6

10536

A Sufficient Condition for Graphs to Have Hamiltonian [a, b]-Factors

Let a and b be nonnegative integers with 2 ≤ a < b, and let G be a Hamiltonian graph of order n with n ≥ (a+b−4)(a+b−2) b−2 . An [a, b]-factor F of G is called a Hamiltonian [a, b]-factor if F contains a Hamiltonian cycle. In this paper, it is proved that G has a Hamiltonian [a, b]-factor if |NG(X)| > (a−1)n+|X|−1 a+b−3 for every nonempty independent subset X of V (G) and δ(G) > (a−1)n+a+b−4 a+b−3 .

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