Characteristics Analysis of Thermal Resistance of Cryogenic Pipeline in Vacuum Environment
If an unsteady heat transfer or heat impulse happens in
part of the cryogenic pipeline system of large space environment
simulation equipment while running in vacuum environment, it will
lead to abnormal flow of the cryogenic fluid in the pipeline. When the
situation gets worse, the cryogenic fluid in the pipeline will have phase
change and a gas block which results in the malfunction of the
cryogenic pipeline system. Referring to the structural parameter of a
typical cryogenic pipeline system and the basic equation, an analytical
model and a calculation model for cryogenic pipeline system can be
built. The various factors which influence the thermal resistance of a
cryogenic pipeline system can be analyzed and calculated by using the
qualitative analysis relation deduced for thermal resistance of pipeline.
The research conclusion could provide theoretical support for the
design and operation of a cryogenic pipeline system
pipeline, vacuum, vapor quality
Numerical Simulation and Analysis on Liquid Nitrogen Spray Heat Exchanger
Liquid spray heat exchanger is the critical equipment of temperature regulating system by gaseous nitrogen which realizes the environment temperature in the range of -180 ℃~+180 ℃. Liquid nitrogen is atomized into smaller liquid drops through liquid nitrogen sprayer and then contacts with gaseous nitrogen to be cooled. By adjusting the pressure of liquid nitrogen and gaseous nitrogen, the flowrate of liquid nitrogen is changed to realize the required outlet temperature of heat exchanger. The temperature accuracy of shrouds is ±1 ℃. Liquid nitrogen spray heat exchanger is simulated by CATIA, and the numerical simulation is performed by FLUENT. The comparison between the tests and numerical simulation is conducted. Moreover, the results help to improve the design of liquid nitrogen spray heat exchanger.
Liquid nitrogen spray, temperature regulating system, heat exchanger, numerical simulation.